actually, the middle section of the Intermezzo Interrotto (the 4th movement of Concerto for orchestra) is the Schostakowitch reference. If you listen carefully, it is part of the theme of the great passacaglia of DSCH's 7th symphony ("Leningrad"), played sarcastically. Bartok did not resent Schostakowitch's success (god only knows DSCH was NOT particularly well respected in critical circles - his non-avant-garde music was considered a throw-back!), he hated that particular piece, finding the imagery "trite". The rest of Concerto for orchestra owes nothing to DSCH, it's pure Bartok.Originally Posted by jesshmusic
I'll differ on the "last major work" opinion... his 3rd piano concerto (of the following year) is his final work, and in my opinion as worthy of the appelation "major", if not more so.
Another example of this sort of musical "sarcasm" is the final movement of Fauré's Piano Trio - it quotes Pagliacci's aria, which Fauré particularly disliked.